Vertical Jump Technique (Jump Mechanics Guide)

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Jumping really high is as much about mastering technique as it is being physically super athletic.

The overwhelming majority of athletes have technique deficiencies that if corrected would immediately result in a more efficient and higher vertical jump.

So while I often talk about increasing strength and rate of force development as being the two major ingredients to the vertical jump, there’s actually a third which is improving jump mechanics.

In this article we’re going to go over the two foot approach jump and we’ll identify the key aspects of a perfect running approach vertical jump.

If you’re looking for advice on how to master the technique of the single leg jump, check out this article instead.

The Most Efficient Way To Improve Your Vertical Jump Technique

The one man whom I believe knows jump mechanics better than anyone else is Tyler Ray of Project Pure Athlete.

On his YouTube channel, he has a number of extremely useful biomechanical breakdowns of various jumpers, explaining in detail what they’re doing right and what they’re doing wrong.

These breakdowns are extremely valuable because after you’ve watched a few, you’ll be able to record yourself jumping and should be able to identify what your deficiencies are.

I’ve included a few of these breakdowns at the end of this article.

Coach Ty has also created a first-of-its-kind vertical jump technique program, called the Missing Link, which aims at methodically correcting your jump biomechanics by drilling the individual components of the vertical jump.

PPA Missing Link Program

Having personally reviewed the program, I would strongly recommend anyone serious about perfecting their jumping form go through this program.

You can get yourself 10% off the Missing Link using the link below.

With that out of the way, let’s dive right into a breakdown of the vertical jump and take a look at some of the cues you should think about to master the technique.

The Approach

When I say the approach, I’m referring to the running you do prior to the penultimate stride and actual jump.

It’s important you have constant acceleration through your approach.

You should be accelerating in a smooth, connected, and relaxed manner.

Avoid stutter steps, slowing down, or speeding up at any point during your approach.

Try to stay fairly upright and avoid dropping down/hinging at the hips at the last moment.

Push Into Penultimate Step

After the approach comes the ‘push’ phase where you’re launching yourself into the penultimate step which is the stride directly prior to the plant.

You should aim to cover a good deal of ground in the penultimate stride.

The best jumpers typically cover much larger distances in their penultimate.

Penultimate Step

Less developed athletes will typically have shorter penultimate strides as it’s challenging to convert high amounts of horizontal force into vertical force unless you’re really strong and powerful.

At the end of the penultimate comes the plant sequence.

Your arm swing should move smoothly in unison with your plant sequence and shouldn’t look disjointed or out of time with your lower body.

Everything needs to move together as a single unit.

‘Punch’ The Block Foot

The final step of the plant sequence is our sideways block foot which is designed to help us stop/decelerate and transition upwards.

Punch The Block

Tyler uses the phrase ‘punch the block foot’ which essentially means aggressively swinging the block foot out and into the ground to ensure we’re capturing force adequately.

Your block foot shouldn’t be completely sideways, by the way, and should really be closer to a 45° angle.

Keys To Remember

This will become more obvious once you watch a breakdown video or two, but these are the most important things to be aware of when doing a two foot approach jump.

1. Maintain An Upright Torso

We need to keep our chest up so that we’re not ‘diving’ forward and losing our center of gravity out over the hips.

If this happens, we leak a massive amount of force.

All throughout the penultimate and into the plant sequence, the torso should remain upright and above the hips.

Too much hip flexion (diving) is extremely common especially when athletes are focusing on covering a lot of horizontal distance in the air.

Avoid doing this at all costs!

2. Keep A Neutral Head & Neck

One of the more common things you’ll see is, during the plant sequence, people start hinging their head back which compresses the cervical spine and limits the range of motion through the upper back and shoulders, which can interfere with our arm swing.

Neck Hinge When Jumping

Avoid this!

Your head and neck should be kept fairly neutral all throughout the approach.

Watch The Breakdowns

I’ve included three really excellent breakdown videos here that you should definitely watch to get a better idea of these concepts.

After familiarizing yourself with what a solid jump looks like, I’d suggest filming yourself doing an approach jump and attempting to do a breakdown of your own technique, keeping the above cues in mind.

Chances are you’ll find something that you can rectify simply by being aware of it and focusing on altering it over the course of the following few jumps.

Big shout out to Ty of PPA for doing these breakdowns and I’d highly recommend subscribing to his channel if you haven’t already!

Harvey Meale

Harvey Meale

I'm the founder of A1Athlete, a publication dedicated to helping athletes optimize their training and dominate their opponents. When I'm not in the gym, I'm probably neck deep in research or writing another article!

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